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Australian Data Archive
Study Information Content
Study TitleAnnual Aboriginal Census,1921-1944 - Northern Territory
Series NameAustralian Aboriginal Census
Primary InvestigatorGordon Briscoe Len Smith
ADA IDau.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
AbstractThis study contains time series of data of the Annual Aboriginal Census for Australia, Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia from 1921 to 1944. The file au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt is the data for the Northern Territory. Special care notice: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, researchers and other users should be aware that material in this dataset may contain material that is considered offensive. The data has been retained in its original format because it represents an evidential record of language, beliefs or other cultural situations at a point in time. The Annual Aboriginal Census is considered as a significant official source of Aboriginal population statistics. It was conducted annually in June from 1921 to 1944, exempting the war years between 1941 and 1944 in each State and Territory. The 1944 census was incomplete with New South Wales not taking part at all. Enumeration of Aboriginal populations was poor and difficulties in classification occurred. The Census was a collaboration of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics who initiated the study, State and Territory Statisticians, the Protector of Aborigines, and local police officers who conducted the enumeration. The Annual Aboriginal Census is also referred to as the Annual Census of Aborigines and Police Census. The enumeration for the Annual Aboriginal Census was conducted by Local Police officers within their Police District. This was conducted with no self-identification by those enumerated but classified by the local police officers making the census, a population summary with no unit record data collected. Due to the frequent use of rounded number figures have been suggested to be rough estimates. The Conference of Statisticians, Sydney, 1925 resolved that the future Annual Aboriginal Census would include; number and distribution of 'full-bloods', number and distribution of 'half-castes' living with 'full-bloods', males and females, adults and children, and whether nomadic, in regular employment or in protected camps. Changes to classification also occurred at the Statisticians' Conference in Perth in 1926. It was resolved that 'persons of mixed blood living with aboriginals should be classed as 'half-caste' aboriginals, whatever be the degree of the white strain' and that 'persons of mixed blood not living with aboriginals shall be 'half-caste' if strains are approximately equal, as 'full blood' if the predominant strain is aboriginal, and not included at all if the predominant strain is white'. Previous to this no definition was giving for determination of 'half-caste' enumeration. The Statistician's Conference in Hobart in 1928 furthered the classification of social and employment status, children of persons in employ were classed as 'other' and those in both 'regular employ' and 'in supervised camps' would be classed only as in 'regular employ'. In 1939 the Queensland statistician insisted the counting of Torres Strait Islander people be separated from Aboriginal counts. Leonard Smith, obtained Annual Aboriginal Census state level data with his work with the National Population Inquiry and as a part of his PH.D thesis. An ARC grant in conjunction with Gordon Briscoe allowed local area data to be obtained. Data came in format of copies of the original collection forms, tabulation sheets and published bulletins of results. The data was obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, and the Commonwealth, State and Territory Archives.
Bibliographic CitationG.Briscoe and L.Smith. Australian Aboriginal Census,1921-1944. [computer file]. Canberra: Australian Data Archive, The Australian National University, 2011.
CopyrightCopyright © 2011, Australian National University. All rights reserved.
ContributorCommonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics
Study Scope Content
Topic ClassificationsIndigenous
KeywordsAborigines;Aboriginal history;Census;Torres Strait Islanders
Population (Universe)Total Universe of Persons deemed to be Australian Aboriginal 1921-1944
Date of Collection
Start date - Data Collection: 1921-01-01 End date - Data Collection: 1921-01-01
Time Period
Time Period - Start: 1921-01-01 Time Period - End: 1921-01-01
Geographic CoverageNorthern Territory
Geographic UnitState/Territory
Methodology Content
Sampling ProcedureNo sampling (total universe)
Data KindCensus data
Response RateNot applicable
Data Access Content
Access ConditionsThe depositor may be informed (by the archive) of use being made of the data, in order to comment on that use and make contact with colleagues of similar interests.
Deposit Information Content
DepositorGordon Briscoe & Len Smith
Deposit Date2011-07-22
VersionVersion 1.0
Other Content
Unit of AnalysisIndividual
Mode of Data CollectionObservation
CommentThis study contains time series of data of the Annual Aboriginal Census for Australia, Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia from 1921 to 1944. The file au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt is the data for the Northern Territory. Special care notice: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, researchers and other users should be aware that material in this dataset may contain material that is considered offensive. The data has been retained in its original format because it represents an evidential record of language, beliefs or other cultural situations at a point in time. The Annual Aboriginal Census is considered as a significant official source of Aboriginal population statistics. It was conducted annually in June from 1921 to 1944, exempting the war years between 1941 and 1944 in each State and Territory. The 1944 census was incomplete with New South Wales not taking part at all. Enumeration of Aboriginal populations was poor and difficulties in classification occurred. The Census was a collaboration of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics who initiated the study, State and Territory Statisticians, the Protector of Aborigines, and local police officers who conducted the enumeration. The Annual Aboriginal Census is also referred to as the Annual Census of Aborigines and Police Census. The enumeration for the Annual Aboriginal Census was conducted by Local Police officers within their Police District. This was conducted with no self-identification by those enumerated but classified by the local police officers making the census, a population summary with no unit record data collected. Due to the frequent use of rounded number figures have been suggested to be rough estimates. The Conference of Statisticians, Sydney, 1925 resolved that the future Annual Aboriginal Census would include; number and distribution of 'full-bloods', number and distribution of 'half-castes' living with 'full-bloods', males and females, adults and children, and whether nomadic, in regular employment or in protected camps. Changes to classification also occurred at the Statisticians' Conference in Perth in 1926. It was resolved that 'persons of mixed blood living with aboriginals should be classed as 'half-caste' aboriginals, whatever be the degree of the white strain' and that 'persons of mixed blood not living with aboriginals shall be 'half-caste' if strains are approximately equal, as 'full blood' if the predominant strain is aboriginal, and not included at all if the predominant strain is white'. Previous to this no definition was giving for determination of 'half-caste' enumeration. The Statistician's Conference in Hobart in 1928 furthered the classification of social and employment status, children of persons in employ were classed as 'other' and those in both 'regular employ' and 'in supervised camps' would be classed only as in 'regular employ'. In 1939 the Queensland statistician insisted the counting of Torres Strait Islander people be separated from Aboriginal counts. Leonard Smith, obtained Annual Aboriginal Census state level data with his work with the National Population Inquiry and as a part of his PH.D thesis. An ARC grant in conjunction with Gordon Briscoe allowed local area data to be obtained. Data came in format of copies of the original collection forms, tabulation sheets and published bulletins of results. The data was obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, and the Commonwealth, State and Territory Archives.
Study Creation Date2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data CollectorsLocal Police Officers
Bibliographic Citation (documentation)G.Briscoe and L.Smith. Australian Aboriginal Census,1921-1944. [computer file]. Canberra: Australian Data Archive, The Australian National University, 2011.
Copyright (documentation)Copyright © 2011, The Australian National University. All rights reserved.
Producer (documentation)Australian Data Archive
Title (documentation)Australian Aboriginal Census, 1921-1944 - Northern Territory
WeightingNo Weighting
ADA IDau.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
LabelAnnual Aboriginal Census,1921-1944 - Northern Territory
Languageen
CountriesAustralia
Type of Research InstrumentStructured
ADA Processing LevelLevel 2
ADA Study LevelLevel 2
Version Date2011-07-22
Version ResponsibilityAustralian Data Archive
Time MethodTime series
WeightingNo Weighting
Caste Group Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
CasteGroup
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:49 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261398
Interval: discrete
Label: Caste Group
Variable Name: CasteGroup
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V1
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 1
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:49 UTC
Variable ID: V1
Variable Width: 9
Sex Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
Sex
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:45 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261397
Interval: discrete
Label: Sex
Variable Name: Sex
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V2
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 2
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:45 UTC
Variable ID: V2
Variable Width: 7
Age Group Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
AgeGroup
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:40 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261396
Interval: discrete
Label: Age Group
Variable Name: AgeGroup
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V3
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 3
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:40 UTC
Variable ID: V3
Variable Width: 5
Employment Status Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
EmploymentStatus
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:23 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261393
Interval: discrete
Label: Employment Status
Variable Name: EmploymentStatus
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V4
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 4
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:23 UTC
Variable ID: V4
Variable Width: 5
Living Conditions Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
LivingConditions
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:29 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261394
Interval: discrete
Label: Living Conditions
Variable Name: LivingConditions
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V5
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 5
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:29 UTC
Variable ID: V5
Variable Width: 5
Year Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
Year
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:34 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261395
Interval: discrete
Label: Year
Variable Name: Year
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V6
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 6
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:34 UTC
Variable ID: V6
Variable Width: 4
Enumeration Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
Enumeration
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:17 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261392
Interval: discrete
Label: Enumeration
Variable Name: Enumeration
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V7
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 7
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:17 UTC
Variable ID: V7
Variable Width: 5
Race Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
Race
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:12 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Format: character
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261391
Interval: discrete
Label: Race
Variable Name: Race
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V8
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 8
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:12 UTC
Variable ID: V8
Variable Width: 10
numberofpersons Return to 20002-nt   Arrow_up Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
numberofpersons
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:07 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Decimal Places: 0
Format: numeric
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261390
Interval: contin
Label: numberofpersons
Variable Name: numberofpersons
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V9
Variable Position: 9
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:07 UTC
Variable ID: V9
Arrow_down
Name Val Range Min Val Range Max
numberofpersons#Mean
Misc.
Update Creation Date: 2011-08-11 17:24:03 UTC
Study Creation Date: 2011-08-10 21:15:38 UTC
Data File ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_C1
Decimal Places: 0
Format: numeric
Format Schema: other
Variable ID: 1261389
Interval: discrete
Variable Name: numberofpersons#Mean
Nesstar ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt_V10
Invalid Cases: 0
Valid Cases: 180
Variable Position: 10
ADA ID: au.edu.anu.ada.ddi.20002-nt
Database Study ID: 4143
Updated At: 2011-08-11 17:24:03 UTC
Variable ID: V10

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